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Prediction during Comprehension

Theories of language comprehension assign a critical role to anticipatory processes. In our studies, we attempt to 1) isolate the effects of prediction from other possible factors that influence on-line language processing; 2) examine the cost of incorrect prediction; 3) explore the relationship between linguistic predictions and learning and memory for text; 4) model individual differences in prediction during comprehension as a function of measures of cognitive control, working memory, perceptual speech and language experience. We examine these questions in young adults and elderly populations.


Boudewyn, M.A, Long, D.L., & Swaab, T.Y. (in press). Graded Expectations: Predictive Processing and the Adjustment of Expectations during Spoken Language Comprehension. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience.

Brothers, T., Swaab, T.Y., and Traxler, M. (2015). Effect of prediction and contextual support on lexical processing: Prediction takes precedence. Cognition, 136, 135–149.