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Please check Researchgate for pdf copies of many of our papers:


Trammel, T., Khodayari, N., Luck, S. J., Traxler, M. J., & Swaab, T. Y. (2023). Decoding semantic relatedness and prediction from EEG: A classification method comparison. NeuroImage, 277, 120268.

Beier, E., Breska, A., Miller, L., Oganian, Y., Mangun, G., & Swaab, T.Y. (2023). The role of anticipatory attention during spoken language comprehension and its encoding in alpha amplitude modulations. Poster presented at 30th Anniversary Meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS 2023), San Francisco, CA, USA. DOI: 21.11116/0000-000C-EA0A-2

Sendek K., Corina D.P., Cates D., Traxler, M.J., Swaab T.Y. (2023). L1 referential features influence pronoun reading in L2 for deaf, ASL–English bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 1–13.


Dave, S., Brothers, T., Hoversten, L. J., Traxler, M. J., & Swaab, T. Y. (2021). Cognitive control mediates age-related changes in flexible anticipatory processing during listening comprehension. Brain Research, 1768, 147573. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2021.147573


Bousquet, K., Swaab, T.Y., & Long, D.L. (2020) The use of context in resolving syntactic ambiguity: structural and semantic influences, Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35:1, 43-57, DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2019.1622750


Brothers, T., Dave, S., Hoversten, L. J., Traxler, M. J., & Swaab, T. Y. (2019). Flexible predictions during listening comprehension: Speaker reliability affects anticipatory processes. Neuropsychologia, 135, 107225. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.107225

Boudewyn, M.A., Blalock, A.R., Long, D.L. et al. Adaptation to Animacy Violations during Listening Comprehension. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 19, 1247–1258 (2019). DOI: 10.3758/s13415-019-00735-x

Johns, C. L., Long, D. L., & Swaab, T. Y. (2019). Processing pronouns with real-world referents: An electrophysiological investigation. DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/6cbq5


Dave, S., Brothers, T. A., Traxler, M. J., Ferreira, F., Henderson, J. M., & Swaab, T. Y. (2018). Electrophysiological Evidence for Preserved Primacy of Lexical Prediction in Aging. Neuropsychologia, 117, 135–147. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.05.023

*Dave, S., Brothers*, T., & Swaab, T.Y. (2018). 1/f Neural Noise and Electrophysiological Indices of Contextual Prediction in Normative Aging. Brain Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2018.04.007.

*Karimi, H., Swaab, T.Y., & Ferreira, F.  (i2018). Electrophysiological Evidence for an Independent Effect of Memory Retrieval on Referential Processing. Journal of Memory and Language, 102, 68-82 DOI: 10.1016/j.jml.2018.05.003


*Brothers, T., Swaab, T.Y., & Traxler, M.J., (2017). Goals and strategies influence lexical prediction during sentence comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language, 93, 203-216. DOI: 10.1016/j.jml.2016.10.002

Choi, W., Lowder, M.W., Ferreira, F., Swaab, T.Y. &  Henderson, J.M.  (2017). Effects of word predictability and preview lexicality on eye movements during reading:  A comparison between young and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 32(3), 232-242. DOI: 10.1037/pag0000160

*Boudewyn, M.A., Carter, C.S., Long, D.L., Traxler, M.J., Lesh, T.A., Mangun, G.R., & Swaab, T.Y. (2017). Language Context Processing Deficits in Schizophrenia: the Role of Attentional Engagement. Neuropsychologia, 96, 262-273. DOI:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.01.024

Li X, Zhang Y, Xia J, Swaab TY. (2017). Internal mechanisms underlying anticipatory language processing: Evidence from event-related-potentials and neural oscillations. Neuropsychologia, 102, 70-81.DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.05.017

*Hoversten, L.J., *Brothers, T., Swaab, T.Y., & Traxler, M.J. (2017). Early processing of orthographic language membership information in bilingual visual word recognition: Evidence from ERPs. Neuropsychologia, 103, 183-190 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.07.026


Kappenman, E. S., Luck, S. J., Kring, A. M., Lesh, T. A., Mangun, G. R., Niendam, T., Ragland, J. D., Ranganath, C., Solomon, M., Swaab, T. Y., & Carter, C. S. (2016). Electrophysiological evidence for impaired control of motor output in schizophrenia. Cerebral Cortex, 26 (5), 1891-1899. DOI:10.1093/cercor/bhu329


Brothers, T., Swaab, T.Y., and Traxler, M. (2015). Effect of prediction and contextual support on lexical processing: Prediction takes precedence. Cognition, 136, 135–149. DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.10.017

Hoversten, L, *Brothers, T., Swaab, T.Y., and Traxler, M. (2015). Language membership identification precedes semantic access: Suppression during bilingual word recognition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(11), 2108-16. DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_00844

*Boudewyn, M.A., Long, D.L., Traxler, M.J., Lesh, T., *Dave, S., Mangun, G.R., Carter, C.S. & Swaab, T.Y.  (2015). Sensitivity to Referential Ambiguity in Discourse: the Role of Attention, Working Memory and Verbal Ability. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(12), 2309-2323. DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_00837

 *Boudewyn, M.A., Long, D.L. & Swaab, T.Y. (2015). Graded Expectations: Predictive Processing and the Adjustment of Expectations during Spoken Language Comprehension. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15 (3), 607-624. DOI: 10.3758/s13415-015-0340-0

Ragland, J.D., Ranganath, C., Phillips, J., Boudewyn, M.A., Kring, A.M., Lesh, T.A., Long, D.L., Luck, S.J., Niendam, T.A., Solomon, M., Swaab, T.Y., Carter, C.S. (2015). Cognitive Control of Episodic Memory in Schizophrenia: Differential Role of Dorsolateral and Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2015, 9:604. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00604


Johns, C., Gordon, P.C., Long, D.L. & Swaab, T. Y. (2014). Memory availability and referential access. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 29(1), 60-87 DOI: 10.1080/01690965.2012.733014

Boudewyn, M.A., Zirnstein, M., Swaab, T.Y., & Traxler, M.J. (2014). Priming Prepositional Phrase Attachment: Evidence from Eye-tracking and ERPs. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 467(3), 424-54. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2013.815237

Minzenberg, M., Gomez, G, C. Yoon, J.H., Swaab, T.Y., Carter, C. S. (2014). Disrupted Action Monitoring in Recent-Onset Psychosis Patients with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 221 (1), 114-121 DOI: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2013.11.003


Tooley, K.M., Swaab, T.Y., Boudewyn, M.A., Zirnstein, M. & Traxler, M.J. (2013). Evidence for Priming across Intervening Sentences during Online Sentence Comprehension. Language and Cognitive Processes, 129(3), 289-311 DOI: 10.1080/01690965.2013.770892

Vergara-Martinez, M., Perea, M. ,Gómez, P. & Swaab, T.Y. (2013). ERP correlates of letter identity and letter position are modulated by lexical frequency. Brain and Language, 125, 11-27 DOI: 10.1016/j.bandl.2012.12.009

Boudewyn, M.A., Long, D.L., & Swaab, T.Y. (2013). Effects of working memory span on processing of lexical associations and congruence in spoken discourse. Frontiers in Psychology, 4 (60), 1-16 DOI:doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00060

Swaab, T.Y., Boudewyn, M.A., Long, D.L., Luck, S.L., Kring, A., Ragland, D., Ranganath, C., Lesh, T., Niendam, T.A., Solomon, M. Mangun, G.R. & Carter, C. (2013). Spared and Impaired Spoken Discourse Processing in Schizophrenia: Effects of Local and Global Language Context. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(39), 15578-87 DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0965-13.2013

Swaab, T.Y. (2013). Language (Chapter 11). (2014). In: Gazzaniga, M.S., R., Ivry and G.R. Mangun, Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind. (4th Edition). W.W. Norton Pub.: New York (Textbook).


Swaab, T.Y., Ledoux, K., Camblin, C.C., & Boudewyn, M.A. (2012) Language related ERP components. (Book Chapter). In: Luck, S. J. & Kappenman, E.S. (Eds.), pp 397-440. Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components. New York: Oxford University Press         DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195374148.013.0197

Boudewyn, M.A., Carter, C. & Swaab, T.Y. (2012). Cognitive Control and Discourse Comprehension in Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research and Treatment, 1- 7. doi:10.1155/2012/484502 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0965-13.2013

Qiu, L., Swaab, T.Y., Chen, H., & Wang, S. (2012). The Role of Gender Information in Pronoun Resolution: Evidence from Chinese. PloS one. 7(5): e36156. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036156 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036156

Vergara-Martínez, M. & Swaab, T.Y. (2012). Orthographic neighborhood effects as a function of word frequency: An Event-Related Potential study. Psychophysiology, 49, 1277–1289 DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01410.x

Boudewyn, M.A., Long, D.L., & Swaab, T.Y. (2012). Cognitive Control Influences the use of Meaning Relations during Spoken Sentence Comprehension. Neuropsychologia, 50, 2659-2668 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.07.019


Boudewyn, M.A., Gordon, P.C., Long, D., Polse, L. & Swaab, T.Y. (2011). Does discourse congruence influence spoken language comprehension before lexical association? Evidence from event-related potentials. Language and Cognitive Processes.                                         DOI: 10.1080/01690965.2011.577980


Nakano, H., Saron, C., & Swaab, T.Y. (2010). Speech and Span: Working memory capacity impacts the use of animacy but not of world knowledge during spoken sentence comprehension. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22 (12), 2886–2898                                      DOI: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21400


Tooley, K., Traxler, M. & Swaab, T.Y. (2009). Electrophysiological and Behavioral Evidence of Syntactic Priming in Sentence Comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Language, Memory and Cognition, 35, 19-45. DOI: 10.1037/a0013984

Swaab, T.Y. (2009). Language (Chapter 10). In: Gazzaniga, M.S., R., Ivry and G.R. Mangun, Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind. (3rd Edition). W.W. Norton Pub.: New York (Textbook).


Ledoux, K., Gordon, P.C., Camblin, C.C. & Swaab, T.Y (2007). Coreference and lexical repetition: Neural mechanisms of discourse integration. Memory and Cognition. 35 (4), 801-815 DOI: 10.3758/bf03193316

Diaz, M. & Swaab, T.Y. (2007). Electrophysiological differentiation of phonological and semantic integration in word and sentence contexts. Brain Research. 1146, 85-100 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.07.034

Camblin C.C., Gordon, P.C. & Swaab, T.Y. (2007). The interplay of discourse congruence and lexical association during sentence processing: Evidence from ERPs and eye tracking. Journal of Memory and Language. 56, 103–128 DOI: 10.1016/j.jml.2006.07.005

Ledoux, K., Traxler, M.J., & Swaab, T.Y. (2007). Syntactic Priming in Comprehension: Evidence from Event-Related Potentials. Psychological Science. 18, 135-143 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01863.x

Camblin, C.C., Ledoux, K, Boudewyn, M., Gordon, P.C., & Swaab, T.Y. (2007). When and How do Readers and Listeners establish Coreference with Repeated Names? Brain Research. 1146, 174-184. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.07.033


Ledoux, K., Camblin, C.C., Swaab, T.Y., & Gordon, P.C (2006). Reading words in discourse: The modulation of intralexical priming effects by message-level context. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 5, 107-127 DOI: 10.1177/1534582306289573


Kaan, E., Wijnen, F., & Swaab, T.Y. (2004). Gapping: Electrophysical Evidence for Immediate Processing of “Missing” Verbs in Sentence Comprehension. Brain and Language, 89, 584-592.

Giesbrecht, B., Camblin, C.C., & Swaab, T.Y. (2004). Separable effects of semantic priming and imageability on word processing in human cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 14, 521-529.

Swaab, T.Y., Camblin, C.C., & Gordon. P.C. (2004). Reversed lexical repetition effects in language processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 715-726.

Gordon, P.C., Camblin, C.C. & Swaab, T.Y . (2004). On-line measures of coreferential processing. In: M. Carreiras & C. Clifton (Eds.), The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension: Eyetracking, ERP and Beyond, New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Kaan, E. & Swaab, T.Y. (2003). Repair, revision and complexity in syntactic analysis: An electrophysiological differentiation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15, 98-110.

Swaab, T.Y., Brown, C.M., & Hagoort, P. (2003). Understanding words in sentence contexts: the time course of ambiguity resolution. Brain and Language, 86, 326-343.

Kaan, E. & Swaab, T.Y. (2003). Electrophysiological evidence for serial sentence processing: A comparison between non-preferred and ungrammatical continuations. Cognitive Brain Research, 17, 621-635.

Swaab, T.Y., Baynes, K., & Knight, R.T. (2002). Separable effects of priming and imageability on word processing: An ERP study. Cognitive Brain Research, 15, 99-103.

Kaan, E. & Swaab, T.Y. (2002). The brain circuitry of syntactic comprehension. Trends in Cognitive Science, 6, 350-356.

Swaab, T.Y. (2002). Language and Brain (Chapter 9). In: Gazzaniga, M.S., R., Ivry and G.R. Mangun, Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind. (2nd Edition). W.W. Norton Pub.: New York (Textbook).

Swaab, T.Y. (1999). The Neurocognition of Language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3, 488-489. (Invited Book Review)

Swaab, T.Y. (1998). Event-related potentials in cognitive neuropsychology: Methodological considerations and an example from studies of aphasia. Behavior, Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 30, 157-170.

Swaab, T.Y., Brown, C., & Hagoort, P. (1998). Understanding ambiguous words in sentence contexts: Electrophysiological evidence for delayed contextual selection in Broca’s aphasia. Neuropsychologia, 36, 737-761.

Swaab, T.Y. (1998). Language and Brain (Chapter 8). In: Gazzaniga, M.S., R., Ivry and G.R. Mangun, Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind. (1st Edition). W.W. Norton Pub.: New York (Textbook).

Swaab, T.Y., Brown, C., & Hagoort, P. (1997). Spoken sentence comprehension in aphasia: Event-related potential evidence for a lexical integration deficit. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 39-66.

Hagoort P., Brown, C. & Swaab, T.Y. (1996). Lexical-semantic event-related potential effects in patients with left hemisphere lesions and aphasia, and patients with right hemisphere lesions without aphasia. Brain, 119, 627-649

Brown, C., Hagoort, P., & Swaab, T.Y. (1996). Neurophysiological evidence for a temporal disorganization in aphasic patients with comprehension deficits. In W. Widdig, I.M. Ohlendorff and J.-P. Malin (Eds.). Current Aphasia Therapy. Freiburg: Hochschulverlag. (p 89-122).

Swaab, T.Y. (1996). The functional locus of comprehension deficits in aphasia: An electrophysiological approach. Afasiologie, 18 (5), 255 263.